Better paws for Brutus: CSU helps quadruple-amputee dog

When Brutus was just a puppy, his breeder left the young Rottweiler outside in freezing temperatures.

The pup suffered frostbite in all four paws. The breeder tried to salvage the puppy’s paws with an at-home amputation, but Brutus was maimed and couldn’t walk without pain.

Now 2 years old, Brutus is living with a dedicated owner in Loveland and has become the second dog ever known to receive four prosthetic limbs. He is learning to walk again with help from OrthoPets, an animal prosthetics developer in Denver, and pet orthopedics experts at Colorado State University’s James L. Voss Veterinary Teaching Hospital.

“I believe prosthetics will play a big role in the future of veterinary orthopedics,” said Dr. Felix Duerr, an assistant professor in the Department of Clinical Sciences who practices small animal orthopedics and sports medicine at the university’s Veterinary Teaching Hospital. “Brutus shows how we can explore new technologies to find solutions, and how our partnerships with companies like OrthoPets really help.”

Fostering leads to fundraising

Laura Aquilina, the dog’s owner, has provided a caring home for Brutus for seven months in an attempt to find “better paws” for the young rottie. She began fostering Brutus, and more recently adopted him, after he had trouble navigating hardwood floors and stairs in his first foster home, and the family could not meet the disabled dog’s needs.

Aquilina and a pet rescuer in Canon City joined forces to raise nearly $12,500 for Brutus’ prosthetics and physical therapy through Go Fund Me, an online fundraising site for personal causes. The crowdfunding project was appropriately named “Better Paws for Brutus.”

In preparation for prosthetics, Brutus underwent paw surgery with Dr. Trent Gall, a CSU veterinary alumnus working in Longmont. The procedure removed bone fragments, dew claws, and two toes left from the botched amputation.

Brutus as a puppy
Brutus laying on the ground, closeup of amputated paw
Brutus laying down, with treats in front of him laid out to spell "I'm a good boy."

Pictures: @BetterPawsForBrutus on Instagram

The long road to “better paws”

After recovery from surgery, Brutus and Aquilina worked with Denver-based OrthoPets, the world’s largest veterinary orthotic and prosthetic company, to undergo the process of prosthetics fitting. OrthoPets adapts the same technologies used in the field of human orthotics to care for animal patients.

Martin Kaufmann, who founded the company with his wife, Amy, partnered with Colorado State’s Veterinary Teaching Hospital for its research and rehabilitation services.

Brutus waits patiently as his foster mom puts on his prosthetics
Laura Aquilina, foster owner of Brutus, puts on his new prosthetics in preparation for a physical therapy session at CSU’s Veterinary Teaching Hospital. (Photos by John Eisele, CSU photographer.)

“I don’t want to be part of a world that settles for ‘fine,’ and neither does CSU,” Kaufmann said. “There’s a common mission between CSU and OrthoPets to return animals’ lives to ‘great.’”

Since the collaboration began, CSU and OrthoPets have successfully developed techniques to treat Achilles tendon injuries in dogs and are investigating how specific injuries correlate with successful orthotic techniques and long-term prosthetic use.

“We are also exploring with CSU a way for animal patients with nerve problems, like paralysis, to be able to use their limbs again through robotic prosthetics that connect to and are controlled by the animal’s central nervous system,” Kaufmann said.

Kaufmann compared the Rottweiler’s story to that of Naki’o, the other dog known dog to live with four prosthetics. “We learned a lot from Naki’o’s story and were able to apply that knowledge to Brutus’ case,” he said.

OrthoPets veterinarians learned that both of Brutus’ wrist joints had collapsed. “It’s similar to a human rolling his ankle completely to the side, left grossly unstable,” Kaufmann said, noting that the dog also has a troublesome callus that makes movement difficult. “Brutus figured out a way to walk like this for two years.”

The unique prosthetics have three purposes: to protect and make Brutus’ limbs more comfortable, to support his front collapsed legs, and to realign each leg to an equal length.

Brutus, a rottweiler who is a quadruple-amputee, does physical therapy with Sasha Foster. March 10, 2015
Sasha Foster, CSU certified canine rehabilitation therapist, guides Brutus in exercises with props to help him learn to use his prosthetics. Laura Southworth, a veterinary technician, also helps with the therapy session.

As his devices are refined, Brutus has entered a new phase of rehabilitation with physical therapy guided by Sasha Foster, CSU’s certified canine rehabilitation therapist.

“We’re working with Brutus to help him adjust to wearing his new prosthetics,” Foster said. “He’s learning how to move with them on. Once he’s mastered that, we will help him achieve higher-level functioning activities, like hiking and playing with other dogs.”

In upcoming months, Foster will use underwater treadmill therapy, balance activities, exercise balls and other neuro re-education therapies to help Brutus adjust to his new limbs.

Partners contributing to the case include Brutus’ foster mom, CSU and OrthoPets experts, and Brutus’ referring veterinarian in Loveland.

“There are three points to the treatment triangle: the referring veterinarian, the prosthetics, and the rehabilitation. If the three points work together and each discipline has the same goal, there is a high chance for success,” Kaufmann said.

Foster said her work is motivated by helping her patient – and the animal’s family. “When you improve the quality of life for a dog, you improve the quality life for the entire family,” Foster said.

It’s likely Brutus will need physical therapy intermittently for the rest of his life. But Aquilina is hopeful.

“You need a good team behind you, and we found that in CSU,” she said.

Follow Brutus’s recovery on Facebook and Instagram at @BetterPawsForBrutus.

Media assets


Video – B-roll

Video – Interviews
Laura Aquilina, Brutus’ Owner
Martin Kaufmann, OrthoPets Founder
Sasha Foster, CSU certified canine rehabilitation therapist

Photos (Click thumbnail to enlarge. Please credit Colorado State University Photographer John Eisele.)

Colorado State University
Laura Aquilina of Loveland, Colo., is owner of 2-year-old Brutus and has led the effort for “Better Paws for Brutus.”

Colorado State University
Brutus learns to use four prosthetic limbs with guidance from Sasha Foster, certified canine rehabilitation therapist at Colorado State University.

Colorado State University
The young Rottweiler takes a break from his therapy session.

Colorado State University
With a complete set of prosthetic limbs, Brutus can walk without pain for the first time since undergoing botched paw amputations.